Wissenschaft

Girls Courts make good girls

USA: GENDER LAW  AND JUDICIAL LAW - 2018
Fanna Gamal, “Good girls : gender-specific interventions in juvenile court”, Columbia Journal of Gender and law, 2018, p. 228.

The author of this article discusses critically gender-specific interventions in juvenile courts, namely the rise of «Girls Courts ». The aim of the article is both descriptive and normative. Girls Courts exist in California, Michigan, Hawaii and Florida. They do not sentence girls or take adjudicative proceedings. Instead, they supervise the already convicted girls and the progress they make. For example, a Girls Court might decide on an out-of-state placement when a girl has run away on a court ordered way to group home, whereas the Girl Court will hear first the «girl», the social services providers and the family members.  However, the programming and organisation of Girls Courts varies across jurisdictions. The author of the article argues that although better support is needed for girls battling intersecting forms of oppression in juvenile courts, Girls Courts will limit gender-specific reform, because they construct a very specific notion of girlhood: one that is centred in white, middle-class notions of femininity. According to the author, more care in a broad sense is needed for the girls, e.g. more time to listening to their histories and ways of life.
Direct to the article (https://journals.cdrs.columbia.edu)

Customer domination on employees

USA, UK AND GERMANY: SEXUAL HARRASSMENT - 2017
Einat ALBIN, “Customer Domination at Work: A New Paradigm for the Sexual Harassment of Employees by Customers”, Michigan Journal of Gender and Law, 2017, vol.24:2, p.167.

The author of this article tackles the problem of sexual harrassment commited by customers against employees in the services sector. In the US, in Germany and in the UK, this behaviour can lead to the liability of the employer on the grounds of sex-based discrimination. However, the responsability of the customer himself and its power on the employee are not taken into account. The author of this article explains that the model based on a binary relationship leads to weaker requirements imposed to the employers because they are supposed to have less control on third parties. Moreover, the specific criminal and liability claims which can be brought against a customer do not recognise the importance of customer domination. The author therefore pleads for a triangular liability model whith stronger requirements imposed to the employer and the possible liability of the customer because of this domination.

Weiterlesen: Customer domination on employees

Domestic sex trafficking

USA: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN - 2017
Alice Mutter, “From criminals to survivors: recognizing domestic sex trafficking as a violence against women in the district of Columbia”, Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law, 2017, vol.26:1, p.593.

The author of this article criticises how the District of Columbia tackles domestic sex trafficking (i.e. sex trafficking within the borders of the USA).

Weiterlesen: Domestic sex trafficking

Femminismo ed esperienza giuridica

ITALIA: DIRITTO E FEMMINISMO - 2018
Ilaria BOIANO e Anna SIMONE (a cura di) / Femminismo ed esperienza giuridica – Pratiche, Argomentazione, Interpretazione / 2018 / Edizioni Efesto / ISBN 978-88-94855-80-7 / EUR 12.50.

«Storicamente il rapporto tra il pensiero femminista e il diritto ha restituito modelli interpretativi che si sono andati strutturando secondo l'approccio dicotomico dell'essere “per” o “contro” lo stesso diritto. In questo volume, attraverso il consolidamento di un pensiero in grado di attraversare la complessità, si supera questa dicotomia rimettendo al centro l'esperienza delle pratiche processuali, l'argomentazione, l'interpretazione delle norme e dei fatti sociali. La dottrina dell'esperienza giuridica quando viene messa in questione a partire dal pensiero femminista, non solo incarna il diritto, ma struttura un linguaggio che mira a cambiare ab origine l'approccio ad esso, individuando nessi e scarti, controversie, argomentazioni ed interpretazioni utili a rigenerarlo dall'interno, senza mai cedere ad approcci massimalisti, ideologici, banali: con una casistica che va dalla maternità surrogata ai diritti umani e fondamentali, da alcune sentenze esemplari relative alla violenza contro le donne alle pratiche processuali all'interno del diritto penale,d al lavoro delle Corti regionali, del Tribunale delle donne in Sarajevo sino al successo della nozione di vulnerabilità nel diritto internazionale.»
Informazioni (edizioniefesto.it)