Wissenschaft

Prenatal abandonment

USA: FAMILY LAW
2017
Mary M. BECK, “Prenatal abandonment: ‘Horton Hatches the Egg’ In the Supreme Court and Thirty-Four States”, Michigan Journal of Gender and Law, 2017, vol.24:1, p.53.

The author of this article explains that under the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of the United States, since the case Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, 133 S. Ct. 2552 (2013), an unwed father can not only lose his parental rights if he has failed to assume custody of the child after birth; he can also lose these rights if he has failed to support his child and the mother during the pregnancy, i.e. if he has committed a prenatal abandonment (pp.55-56; 79-80). The justification for prenatal abandonment theory is first examined in the article (I). Then, a review of the case Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl (II) and an account of existing federal and state law related to prenatal abandonment is made (III). Finally, some characteristics which prenatal abandonment laws should have are identified (IV).    

Direct to the article (repository.law.umich.edu)

Gender, violence and law

UK, USA AND CANADA: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
to be internationally released on 31 December 2017
Melanie RENDALL / Gender, violence and law / 2017 / Routledge / ISBN 978-0415871174.

The author of this book “aims squarely at critically analyzing legal responses to, interventions in, and remedies for violence against women, with an overarching aim of assessing the extent to which the law has been – or could still be – effectively utilized in the project to end violence in women’s lives. Drawing on Canadian, U.S. and UK jurisprudence and spanning a variety of contexts of gendered violence (including domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, and rape), Melanie Randall illustrates the persistent complexities and challenges surrounding legal understandings of and responses to violence against women”. 

Website of Routledge (routledge.com)

Cyber violence as a form of gender-based violence

EU: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
23 June 2017, Published by the European Institute for gender equality (EIGE).

In this note, the EIGE points out that information in the EU on cyber violence against women and girls (cyber VAWG) is scarce (p.1). It gives examples for different forms of cyber VAWG, namely cyber stalking (e.g: sharing intimate photos or videos on the internet or by mobile phone), cyber harassment (e.g.: unwanted sexually explicit emails) and cyber pornography (e.g.: revenge porn, i.e. the online distribution of sexual photos or videos of the ex-partner without her/his consent in order to humiliate her/him; pp.2-3). It stresses different problems related to law enforcement responses, namely that a less effective approach is used against violence and harassment when it is perpetrated online and that the harm done by cyber VAWG is minimised by the police (p.4). According to the note, victim blaming also persists in cases of revenge pornography. The EIGE recommends doing more research on the topic and to collect more data, namely to assess the severity of harm experienced by the victims of cyber VAWG.

Direct to the article (eige.europa.eu)