USA: GENDER LAW AND JUDICIAL LAW - 2018
Fanna Gamal, “Good girls : gender-specific interventions in juvenile court”, Columbia Journal of Gender and law, 2018, p. 228.
The author of this article discusses critically gender-specific interventions in juvenile courts, namely the rise of «Girls Courts ». The aim of the article is both descriptive and normative. Girls Courts exist in California, Michigan, Hawaii and Florida. They do not sentence girls or take adjudicative proceedings. Instead, they supervise the already convicted girls and the progress they make. For example, a Girls Court might decide on an out-of-state placement when a girl has run away on a court ordered way to group home, whereas the Girl Court will hear first the «girl», the social services providers and the family members. However, the programming and organisation of Girls Courts varies across jurisdictions. The author of the article argues that although better support is needed for girls battling intersecting forms of oppression in juvenile courts, Girls Courts will limit gender-specific reform, because they construct a very specific notion of girlhood: one that is centred in white, middle-class notions of femininity. According to the author, more care in a broad sense is needed for the girls, e.g. more time to listening to their histories and ways of life.
Direct to the article (https://journals.cdrs.columbia.edu)